Sleep apnea - causes of the disease

Sleep apnea - causes of the disease

One of the most common types of sleep disorder is sleep apnea. Since sleeping people are usually not aware of what happens to them while they are sleeping, many are completely unaware that they are disturbed, and this is a problem with the state. It is usually the long suffering of the bed partner or comrades of the person with the condition of realizing that there is a problem and telling them. Although the disorder does not generally constitute an immediate problem, sleep apnea is still considered a serious condition. With this disease, there are associated life-threatening problems that are most worrying and dangerous, such as high blood pressure and irregularity in the heart. So what actually causes the problem?

There are two types of sleep apnea. The most common type called obstructive sleep apnea, and as the name suggests, includes a blocked airway. There are several specific reasons for blocking or blocking respiratory tract disorders, the most common reasons being: -

  • When you are awake, your neck muscles are responsible for keeping your airway in the throat rigid and open so that the air can pass freely to the lungs. When you sleep, it is normal for the same muscles to relax, but for people suffering from the disorder the muscles overblow, resulting in the airways being restricted or blocked. This in turn leads to the person struggling for breath and even breathing.
  • The condition may occur if the person's tonsils and tongue are naturally larger so common that they prevent the opening of the trachea.
  • Overweight people are more prone to this condition because there may be extra soft fat tissues that lead to thickening of the wall of their trachea, which narrows inside the airway opening, making it more difficult for it to be open.
  • Airway blockage may also be due to certain natural causes of the head and neck of the person. Depending on the structure of a person, the headbone structures can limit the airways and even the mouth.

The other type is called central sleep apnea which results from the delayed signals of the brain to the breathing muscles. This can be caused by: -

  • Age. The brain's ability to send signals that would keep your muscles tight during sleep is sometimes limited when you get older and it causes the airways to become slim and in some serious cases they eventually fall.
  • The result of an injury or a disease involving the brain strain. This can be caused by stroke or brain tumor, among other things.

It follows that if the airways are partially or completely blocked, insufficient air will flow into the lungs, especially at sleep. Often it is very high snoring and the body's oxygen levels fall significantly along with an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide present in the lungs. It should be remembered that there may be serious risks when oxygen levels drop to dangerous levels.

As the carbon dioxide level increases, the brain is equipped to interfere with its sleep. This is a natural reflex effect and it causes the muscles surrounding the airway to open the windshield. This is often called by suddenly high choking sounds or laces when the person suffers a deep breath.

It is also natural to seal drops in the body's oxygen level combined with impaired or lack of sleep can trigger the release of natural stress hormones that cause heart rate to increase. When this happens, there is an increased risk of myocardial infarction, high blood pressure, stroke and irregular heartbeat. The release of these stress hormones can also exacerbate a current heart disease with potentially affected consequences.

It is therefore extremely important that if sleep apnea is suspected, medical advice is sought so that treatment can be arranged to avoid the serious problems that this disease may cause.

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